Saturday, March 10, 2012

Why did East Pakistan separate from West Pakistan?


Pakistan came into being on 14 August 1947. Pakistan had two parts: East Pakistan and West Pakistan until 1971 when East Pakistan got    independence and became Bangla Desh. Following are the causes of the fall of East Pakistan.
  
 i) Geographical Location of East Pakistan: - Geographically Pakistan was very unique in history. It was, perhaps, the only country in the       world consisted of two parts divided by the 1600 km hostile territory. India, which never accepted the creation of Pakistan as an independent Muslim state took advantage of this territorial gap and created misunderstandings between the people of East & West     Pakistan.

ii) Different Social Structure: - People of East & West Pakistan belonged to different social systems and they could not develop       understanding with each other. Officers of East Pakistan were more friendly towards people whereas, the officers from West Pakistan had    different attitude towards the people of East Pakistan. This created a sense of hatred against West Pakistan.

iii) Martial Laws: - Until 1971, Pakistan remained under Martial law for most of the time. People were deprived from their basic rights and       democracy was out of bound in the country.

iv) Language Issue: - The people of East Pakistan opposed the govt. policy on language issue. People protested against the govt. policy and   many Bengali students lost their lives in these protests.

v) Issue of Provincial Autonomy: - East Pakistan wanted complete provincial autonomy. The govt. of Pakistan did not accept this demand. The people of East Pakistan considered it as a violation of the constitution.

vi) Economic Deprivation: - Economically, the people of East Pakistan were kept backward. Shaikh Mujib-ur-Rehman, a leader of the          Awami League, demanded a separate economic system for East Pakistan. He proposed a six point agenda of Awami League, which was    turned down by the govt.

vii) Role of International Community: - Both, Soviet Union and America were in favor of the disintegration of Pakistan. Soviet Union   openly supported India’s attack on East Pakistan. Whereas, America did not fulfill her promise to support Pakistan.

viii) Elections of 1970: - General elections were held in the country in 1970 in which Awami League, political party of East Pakistan, gained   majority. The military junta of Gen Yahya Khan refused to hand over the govt. to Shaikh Mujib-ur –Rehman. Awami League started a mass demonstration and situation reached at the point of no return.

ix)  Military Action in Pakistan: - After the elections of 1970 law and order situation became very critical in the East Pakistan. No one tried     to find out the political solution of the problem. The govt. decided to suppress the Awami League and a military operation began in East       Pakistan. Most of the leaders of Awami League fled to India.

x)  India’s Attack: - India took advantage of the situation and attacked East Pakistan on December 03, 1971. The ‘Mukti Bahni’ supported them, which was the military wing of Awami League. Due the poor management of the military junta of West Pakistan, Pakistani army surrendered before the Indian army on December 16, 1971. On the same day, East Pakistan got independence from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh.  

Conclusion: -
Minor misunderstandings between East & West Pakistan led to the major conflicts. Lack of loyal leadership further aggravated the situation and no political solution was experimented to end the crises. Thad had brought an end to the united Pakistan and Pakistan was disintegrated.

11 comments:

  1. Pakistan is always answerable to brutal attrocities it has commited in Bangladesh

    ReplyDelete
  2. ooo thanks man you give me lot of inforamation

    ReplyDelete
  3. but india have no envolvement in the seperation that all was due to our mistake

    ReplyDelete
  4. six points of mujib ul rehman play any role in the sepration of east of pakistan??????

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Kuti.Ki.bachi.jab.pata.nahi.ho.ta.to.kyu.marasi.
      jasa.muh.utha.kar.a.jati.ha

      Delete
  5. Economy and Industry of Bangladesh has evolved significantly over a period of time. They have worked very hard.
    Any misunderstandings between Pak and Bangladesh must be removed and curtailed...

    ReplyDelete
  6. Election of the 1970 was the fairest of the history. Which as a output gave us separation of our country wing.

    Muslim league was a good movement party as in Pakistan movement, but after the partition muslim league was not explored their vision towards the political party of country.
    Assassination of liaqat ali khan also resulted of it. And till now we have not any competent leader like muhammad ali Jinnah

    ReplyDelete
  7. Election of the 1970 was the fairest of the history. Which as a output gave us separation of our country wing.

    Muslim league was a good movement party as in Pakistan movement, but after the partition muslim league was not explored their vision towards the political party of country.
    Assassination of liaqat ali khan also resulted of it. And till now we have not any competent leader like muhammad ali Jinnah

    ReplyDelete