Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Pakistani Culture - Peace plays a key role for the enhancement of civilization

It is true fact that societies are always recognized by their culture, moral and values of civilization. A civilized society maintains a well-mannered culture, which is educated and peaceful. Peace is essential for the enhancement of civilization. A society suffering horn internal and external disturbance and political anarchy can never survive.

In different parts of the world nations rise with their individual principles and civilization and remain hue to their own way of living rights and customs. In Pakistan, culture has developed as a result of mixing the social values of Hindus Muslims and the British rulers. All the three people have contributed new ides, new customs and new traditions and built-a-set of mixed culture values of Pakistan. As it is, Pakistan is a country full of diversities due to the various physical and climatic conditions, intermingling of several races, presence of her primitive tribal systems and different languages spoken and the different customs and traditions, follow by the people of various regions.

Peaceful culture is bound to prevail because it is essential necessity for the growth of civilization. It is necessary to limit the desires people having unlimited desires can now be contented. Another precious element is the spiritual satisfaction. In can be had by following virtuous and generous deeds. If culture of peace is to be maintained, steps must be adopted for the betterment of human life. Provision of basic deeds keeps the atmosphere of a society peaceful. In such a society, citizens are disciplined and civilized. Such a society is free from violence and any kind of disturbance.

Peace can't be prevailed by virulent attitude and dictatorships. It is maintained by polite behavior and providing justice to the individuals of that society. On the other hand maintenance of culture of peace in under progress countries is a difficult task because in these countries people are not provided basic needs of the state and they have to manage their basic monetary problems themselves. For the culture of peace and non-violence, it is essential to remove contemptible emotions, scornful attitude and injustice.

Pakistan being an Islamic country Islamic customs and traditions are common still due to sectarian differences we have Shia and Sunnies types of regious sub-culture. A small number of Hindus, Sikhs and Christians also live in Pakistan but their influence on Pakistan religious sub-cultures is negligible. Due to different physical features and climates we have geographical sub-culture of Muslims. Hindus, Christians has also their mixed culture. On the whole we have a composite mixed culture.

However, in Pakistan sub-cultures have been built on the account of the different languages which are spoken in different religions. Urdu is our national language and English used as office language. So lingual sub-cultures do exist in Pakistan.

Monday, April 24, 2017

Allama Muhammad Iqbal - A great poet of the east

Allama Iqbal, the poet of the east, originator of a free Muslim land a beautiful philosopher was born in the city of Punjab i.e at Sialkot. He received his early education in his home town. In 1899, he graduated from Murray College and passed his M.A from Government College, Lahore. After this in 1905, he went to England for higher studies after doing the job of a Professor of Persian and Arabic, in Oriental College Lahore.

He was the great poet in Urdu as well as in Persian. He was a great thinker and lover of Islam. He presented to the Muslims of India a picture of Pakistan in 1930 and our beloved Quaid-e-Azam turned his dream into a reality. He awoke the Muslims of India from a long sleep and asked them to be active and to develop self-respect.

From 1930, all his efforts were directed towards the achievements of his goal. He wrote many letters to Quaid-e-Azam in which he discussed the problems of Indian Muslims. In his each message he advised his noble Quaid that only the creation of a separate Muslim State could solve the problems.

Allama Iqbal expressed his great love for Islam in his poetry. He always wanted the Indian Muslims to remain true their faith.

How can Pakistan become a Strong Nation?

Some points to become Pakistan a Strong Nation

In the modern world the word goes to him, who is the fittest and the most tactful. For our survival as an independent nation, it is essential to build it on lines. Progress in science and technology is also necessary. We cannot do without it.

New incentives should be given to the farmers. They play the key role in the economy of our country. There are many defects in our system of education. It is examination-ridden. The need for technical education is very great.

In order to make Pakistan a strong nation we should strictly adhere to the principles of Islam. Islam is a source of strength and unity. Defense is yet another field which demands our full attention. Our forces should be trained on modern lines. A well-equipped Defense should not only our motto; it should be our basic life.

Today, the whole nation stands united and has reposed its confidence in the hands of people's government. We have to see whether the new government upholds this confidence in the spirit of a mission.

Monday, March 27, 2017

Filling up form methods for counting disabled persons in Population Census 2017 Pakistan

In the light of honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan order the disabled persons will be counted according to the specific ways published into Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Government of Pakistan official website, the sample form and their codes are also mentioned read out the notification into urdu version.

Saturday, May 26, 2012

The Achievements of Aligarh Movement

The war of independence of 1857 ended the Muslim rule in South Asia. The British had  taken over the leadership of the     sub-continent. They blamed Muslims for the outbreak of the war of independence. Thus, Muslims became their victims and were denied of     their religious, social, political and economic rights. In these circumstances, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan came forward to rescue Muslims. He started a movement, which is commonly known as the Aligarh Movement. The main objectives of this movement were:-
  • To create general awareness among the Muslims that they are no more the rulers of South Asia. They should accept this reality.
  • To create goodwill relations with the British. Sir Syed Ahmed tried to convince British that Muslims alone were not responsible for the war of independence. The Hindus and other non-Muslims of South Asia also fought it. Now Muslims are equally loyal to them like other Indians.  
  • Sir Syed was fully convinced that unless Muslims received modern and scientific education they would remain backward. This was the reason that he established a Scientific Society in 1862.
Achievements of Aligarh Movement:

Aligarh Movement worked to awaken the Muslims of South Asia. A number of keynote Muslim     leaders like Nawab Viqar ul Muluk, Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk, Moulana Shibli Naumani, and Moulana Altaf Hussain Hali played an important     role in the success of Aligarh Movement. Following are the main features of the movement.

Social Services: War of Independence of 1857 brought sufferings and miseries for the Muslims. They were destroyed politically,     socially and economically. Whereas, the Hindus took advantage of that situation and hold important positions in the British Govt. Sir Syed     wrote his famous books “The Causes of the Indian revolt” and “The Loyal Mohammedans Of India”. Through these books he tried to bring     an understanding between the Muslims and British. With his efforts, the ban on the employment of Muslims was relaxed. Muslim     properties, which were confiscated after the war, were returned to them.

Educational Services: Sir Syed was of the view that only modern education would help in the progress & development of Muslims. He established Scientific Society with a purpose to translate western books in Urdu. Sir Syed also established a school in Aligarh on the     model of Cambridge University London. Later, that school was raised to the level of a college named M.A.O College Aligarh.

Conclusion: The Aligarh Movement became the source of revival and strength for the Muslims of South Asia. It led the Muslims to     reshape their future. It also provided the foundation for the Two-Nation Theory.

Friday, May 25, 2012

About Lucknow Pact And Its Importance

Muslim League Leaders group photo in Lucknow 1916
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After joining the Muslim League in 1913 the Quaid-e-Azam started clearing the path of Hindu Muslim Unity. in 1915 the annual meeting of Congress and Muslim League were held together at Bombay because of  his efforts. At last in 1916 once more the meeting of both parties were held together at  Lucknow where a written agreement was signed between the two parties.which in the history of sub-continent is called the Lucknow Pact 1916.

CONDITIONS OF THE LUCKNOW PACT

The conditions of Lucknow Pact 1916 are as follows.

1. APPROVAL OF SEPARATE ELECTRO RATE Congress will accept the sepratae electrorate.

2. ONE THIRD MUSLIM PRESENTATION The number of elected Muslims members in the center council will be one third.

3. NOMINATION OF MEMBERS The proportion of elected and nominated members of councils 1/5 will be nominated members and 1/4 will be elected members of the councils.

4. PROPORTION OF MUSLIMS PRESENTATION IN THE PROVINCES In Muslims majority provinces that is Bengal and Punjab the members of Muslims representatives was reduced to 40% in Bengal and 50% in Punjab.

5. AGREEMENT OF UNAMIOUS LAW No suggestions for continuation making will be considered.

6. CONDITIONS FOR APPROVAL DEMANDS FROM THE GOVERNMENT  For conditions were decided for approval of following demands from British Government
--> Increase in the autonomy of provinces
--> Freedom of determination
--> Separation of judiciary from administration

RESULT OF LUCKNOW PACT Historical results were achieved from lucknow pact,an over view of these as follows.

i) APPROVAL FOR SEPARATE ELECTRO RATE The British had accepted the long waited demend of separate electro rate the Muslims of India by giving it a legal statue in the Act of India 1909.


ii) SECURITY OF MUSLIMS RIGHTS AND INTERESTS According to the Lucknow Pact the acceptance to give more representations to Muslims than their population in the Muslims minority provinces.

iii) MUSLIM LEAGUE SEPARATE STATUS The Congress partially proved the importance of Muslim League in the Sub-Continent by accepting the Muslim League as the representative party of India Muslims in Lucknow Agreement.

iv) INCREASE IN THE FAME OF THE QUAID-E-AZAM The fame and capability of the Quaid-e-Azam spred because of Hindu Muslim Unity. Mrs Sarojini Naido while paying his tribute to the Quaid declared him the
"AMBASSADOR OF HINDU MUSLIM UNITY".

v) HINDU MUSLIM UNITY, FIRST AND LAST TIME Hindus tried to take revenge from Muslims in the Khilafat Movement generally and in Nehru Report specially according to a planned conspiracy while neglecting the written, agreement of Lucknow Pact in 1916.

COMMENTS
The Hindu Muslim Unity "The Lucknow Pact"1916 has the importance as a mile stone in the history of Sub-Continent. Because of the Hindu Muslim Unity. The British government also gave legal protection to the rights and interests of Muslims in the Act of India 1919.

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

What is Culture? The Salient Features of Pakistani Culture

Culture may be defined as behaviour peculiar to human beings, together with material objects used. Culture consists of language, ideas, beliefs, customs, codes, institution, tools, techniques, works of arts, ceremonies and so on. According to Allama Iqbal.;

“Culture encompasses all the mental, spiritual and physics activities of a nation. It includes the basic beliefs and faith, values and literature, are and architecture, music and mode of dress, manners and customs prevalent in a given society.”

Pakistani Culture is a Islamic Culture
Pakistan is an ideological Islamic State. Its very existence is due to Islam, so the Pakistani culture is primarily based on the Islamic way of life. All other ingredients of culture are inspired by Islam. Pakistani culture is highlighted by its grandeur, simplicity firm convictions and noble deeds and ideas.

Salient Features of Pakistani Culture

The main characteristics of Pakistani culture are as follows:

1.  Religious Uniformity Pakistan came into existence to provide its people a system of life based on Islam. The people, in spite of some differences of languages, customs and traditions commonly follow one religion of Islam. This is the religion, which is practiced by all people of Pakistan.

2.    Language A number of languages are spoken in Pakistan. Some of them are Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto and Baluchi. But Urdu is spoken and understands in all parts of Pakistan. Being the official language, it is the media of communication between all regions of Pakistan.

3.    Literature and Poetry Literature is an important aspect of our cultural life. Most of our poets reflect Islamic code and trend in their poetry. They gave the message of love and brotherhood. Similarity of thought amongst poets and writers of all regions is an important factor of our cultural life.

4.    Dress and Diet Dress in an important manifestation of culture. The regional dresses of Pakistan under go changes in the light of local traditions, economic conditions, way of living and wealth in the region. But in all Provinces people generally wear Shalwar Kameez.
Our eating habits, foods and social etiquette are strictly in conformity with Islamic principles.

5.    Mixed CulturePakistani culture is a mixed culture although majority of people are Muslims by birth and faith. But there is great influence of Hindu and British culture on the present Pakistani society.

6.    Male Dominated SocietyIn Pakistani culture, the male member of the family enjoys the key position. Family is headed by a male member and in most cases; he is the sole source of income for other members of the family.

7.    Arts and Architecture The iconoclasm of Islam has given a characteristic form and pattern in the use of elegant designs, based on geometric figures and floral forms borrowed from nature. The Shah Jahan Masjid, Shalimar Garden, Badshahi Masjid, Shahi Qila and many such graceful buildings are a living proof of the excellent Mughal architecture.

8.    Handicrafts Embroidery, leather works, glazed poettery, wood work, carpet making, metal crafts, ivory are the essential parts of our culture. Pakistani craftsmen are considered as the best in their craftsmanship. They are known for the high quality works which is very popular in foreign countries.

9.    Recreational Activities - Sports The recreational activities all over the Pakistan are common. The games like wrestling, hockey, cricket, football, squash, Kabaddi etc are popular in every part of our country. These games reflect our cultural identity.

10.    EducationEducation contributes a great deal in developing national character. Educational system plays a vital role in the formation of culture, Unity and solidarity of a nation. It is, therefore, important that the entire syllabi right from the lower to higher level should be placed in accordance with the ideology of Pakistan.

11.    Religious Festivals Festivals play an important part of our culture. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha are our two main religious festivals. They are celebrated with great happiness throughout the country.

12.    Ulema, Mushaikh and Sufi Poets Ulema, Mushaikh and Sufi Poets occupy an honored place in our cultural aspect of life. Sufis like Lal Shabaz, Data Gang Baksh, Shah Abdul Latif, Sachal Sarmast, Hazrat Sultan Bahu and Waris Shah rendered meritorious services for the spread of Islam in the Sub Continent.

Conclusion Culture which includes religion, literature art, architecture, dresses, music, manners and customs has its roots in the Islamic culture. Islam has described the rights and duties of every individual. Even in drinking, eating and dressing, we have to observe certain rules prescribed by Islam. So it may be said that Pakistani culture represents the true picture of Islamic culture.